Madagascar Rollen Inhaltsverzeichnis

Der selbstverliebte Löwe Alex, das vorlaute Zebra Marty, die ständig panische Giraffe Melman und die divenhafte Nilpferd-Dame Gloria sind die absoluten Stars im Zoo des New Yorker Central Parks. Doch Marty ist traurig: Zu sehr beschäftigt ihn der. Vier New Yorker Zootiere – das abenteuerliebende Zebra Marty, der eitle Löwe Alex, die hypochondrische Giraffe Melman und die divenhafte Nilpferddame Gloria. Die Pinguine aus Madagascar ist eine US-amerikanische computeranimierte Fernsehserie. Aus Madagaskar sind ihnen die Lemuren Julien, Mort und Maurice dorthin gefolgt, die nun glauben, Julien sei der rechtmäßige Mit Private, Kowalski, King Julien und Maurice mussten vier der Hauptrollen neu besetzt werden. Hier sind nur Charaktere aus dem Film Madagascar aufgelistet. Die Hauptcharaktere wurden fett geschrieben. Hauptcharaktere. Alex (Löwe); Marty (​. Smarter und weit nützlicher als es sein Alter vermuten lässt, erfüllt Private die klassische Außenseiterrolle - auch wenn ihn Skipper mit Worten beschreibt wie "​er.

madagascar rollen

Die Pinguine aus Madagascar ist eine US-amerikanische computeranimierte Fernsehserie. Aus Madagaskar sind ihnen die Lemuren Julien, Mort und Maurice dorthin gefolgt, die nun glauben, Julien sei der rechtmäßige Mit Private, Kowalski, King Julien und Maurice mussten vier der Hauptrollen neu besetzt werden. Entdecken Sie Briefpapier Pinguine einzigartig in Frankreich, Preis, Qualität und Auswahl! Was will man mehr? Vom Zoo in New York zum Strand von Madagaskar führt die abenteuerliche Reise von Marty dem Zebra, Gloria dem Nilpferd, Melman der Giraffe, Alex dem. madagascar rollen

This is sort of a twist on the fish out of water movies, as the zoo animals, according to the local animal rights activists, don't belong in the zoo; they are shipped off to Africa.

Hilarity ensues; the animals don't end up at the planned destination and find out that they don't necessarily belong in the wild either.

What I found unique about this movie is that for once, the actual nature of the animal is acknowledged. Ben Stiller's lion character realizes that everyone looks like a steak and wants to eat everyone.

Of course, he realizes that he's "wrong" HUH?? The kids loved it, I wasn't totally bored out of my mind, and the animation was pretty good, I thought.

The penguins were especially cute. Wish they'd had more screen time. Sign In. Keep track of everything you watch; tell your friends.

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Rate This. A group of animals who have spent all their life in a New York zoo end up in the jungles of Madagascar, and must adjust to living in the wild.

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Outline Index. Related articles. Countries and territories of Africa. Madagascar , island country lying off the southeastern coast of Africa.

Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world, after Greenland , New Guinea , and Borneo.

The Malagasy peoples , moreover, do not consider themselves to be Africans, but, because of the continuing bond with France that resulted from former colonial rule, the island developed political, economic, and cultural links with the French-speaking countries of western Africa.

The animal life and vegetation of the island are equally anomalous, differing greatly from that of nearby Africa and being in many respects unique.

Although the coastlands have been known to Europeans for more than years and to Arabs for much longer, recent historical development has been more intense and concentrated in the central plateau , which contains the capital city of Antananarivo formerly Tananarive.

Madagascar is located in the southwestern Indian Ocean and is separated from the African coast by the mile- km- wide Mozambique Channel.

Madagascar consists of three parallel longitudinal zones—the central plateau, the coastal strip in the east, and the zone of low plateaus and plains in the west.

Situated between 2, and 4, feet and 1, metres above sea level , the plateau has been uplifted and worn down several times and is tilted to the west.

Three massifs are more than 8, feet 2, metres high. The Tsaratanana region in the north is separated from the rest of the plateau by the Tsaratanana Massif , whose summit, Maromokotro, reaches 9, feet 2, metres and is the highest point on the island.

Ankaratra Massif in the centre is an enormous volcanic mass whose summit, Tsiafajavona , is 8, feet 2, metres high. Ankaratra is a major watershed divide separating three main river basins.

The plateau slopes with some regularity toward the extreme southern plain, but its boundaries to the east and west are more abrupt.

To the east it descends in a sharp fault, by vertical steps of 1, to 2, feet to metres. This cliff, which is called the Great Cliff or the Cliff of Angavo, is often impassable and is itself bordered by the Betsimisaraka Escarpment, a second and lower cliff to the east, which overhangs the coastal plain.

Behind the scarp face are the remains of ancient lakes, including one called Alaotra. To the south the two steep gradients meet and form the Mahafaly and the Androy plateaus, which overhang the sea in precipitous cliffs.

Darüber hinaus meint der Kritiker, die Serie zeige einen Humor, der auch für ein erwachsenes Publikum ansprechend sei. Die Serie besteht aus Episoden mit einer Https://js-maklar.se/serien-stream-to/krimi-englisch.php von jeweils rund elf Minuten; verschiedene Sonderfolgen erreichen read article doppelte Länge oder mehr. Aktuelle Serien. Der Fachmann für Waffen und Sprengstoffe in amazon prime preis Gruppe ist der kräftige, meist irre, Rico, der bei Bedarf fast here beliebigen Ausrüstungsgegenstand hochwürgen kann. Madagascar Obwohl die Pinguine und Lemuren bereits in den Filmen Madagascar und Madagascar 2 aufgetreten waren, mussten die Computermodelle von Grund auf neu entworfen werden. Verlag: MTI. madagascar rollen

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Nachdem die verschwörerischen Pinguine die Kontrolle über das Schiff übernommen hatten und die Holzkisten der gefangenen Tiere vom Schiff gefallen sind, stranden Alex, Marty, Melman und Gloria click Madagaskar. Einige visit web page Schauspieler, die den Figuren in den Madagascar -Filmen ihre Stimmen now perfektes dinner vox hatten, konnten für die Serie nicht erneut verpflichtet werden. Dezember in Deutschland an. Oktober in Deutschland veröffentlicht worden. Beide trinken Kaffee oder Tee. Die Figuren wurden in den Animationsstudios von Nickelodeon im kalifornischen Burbank entworfen. Jahr e.

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Alternate Versions. Rate This. A group of animals who have spent all their life in a New York zoo end up in the jungles of Madagascar, and must adjust to living in the wild.

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Edit Cast Cast overview, first billed only: Ben Stiller Alex voice Chris Rock Marty voice David Schwimmer Melman voice Jada Pinkett Smith Gloria voice Sacha Baron Cohen Julien voice Cedric the Entertainer Maurice voice Andy Richter Mort voice Tom McGrath Private voice Chris Miller Kowalski voice Conrad Vernon Mason voice Eric Darnell Police Horse voice Stephen Apostolina Learn more More Like This.

Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa Animation Adventure Comedy. Ice Age Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted Kung Fu Panda Animation Action Adventure.

Under the socialist Second Republic, Admiral Didier Ratsiraka instated mandatory national armed or civil service for all young citizens regardless of gender, a policy that remained in effect from to This tradition was broken in , when a segment of the army defected to the side of Andry Rajoelina, then-mayor of Antananarivo, in support of his attempt to force President Ravalomanana from power.

The Minister of the Interior is responsible for the national police force, paramilitary force gendarmerie and the secret police. However, in fewer than a third of all communes had access to the services of these security forces, with most lacking local-level headquarters for either corps.

Historically, security has been relatively high across the island. Madagascar is subdivided into 22 regions faritra.

Agriculture has long influenced settlement on the island. Madagascar became a Member State of the United Nations on 20 September , shortly after gaining its independence on 26 June Small and local farmers have also been assisted in increasing both the quantity and quality of their production, as well as improving their crop yield in unfavorable weather conditions.

During the era of Madagascar's First Republic, France heavily influenced Madagascar's economic planning and policy and served as its key trading partner.

Key products were cultivated and distributed nationally through producers' and consumers' cooperatives. Government initiatives such as a rural development program and state farms were established to boost production of commodities such as rice, coffee, cattle, silk and palm oil.

Popular dissatisfaction over these policies was a key factor in launching the socialist-Marxist Second Republic, in which the formerly private bank and insurance industries were nationalized; state monopolies were established for such industries as textiles, cotton and power; and import—export trade and shipping were brought under state control.

The IMF forced Madagascar's government to accept structural adjustment policies and liberalization of the economy when the state became bankrupt in and state-controlled industries were gradually privatized over the course of the s.

Conditions for the resumption of aid were not met under Zafy, who tried unsuccessfully to attract other forms of revenue for the State before aid was once again resumed under the interim government established upon Zafy's impeachment.

Having met a set of stringent economic, governance and human rights criteria, Madagascar became the first country to benefit from the Millennium Challenge Account in Madagascar's other sources of growth are tourism, agriculture and the extractive industries.

The island is still a very poor country in ; structural brakes remain in the development of the economy: corruption and the shackles of the public administration, lack of legal certainty, and backwardness of land legislation.

Madagascar's natural resources include a variety of agricultural and mineral products. Agriculture including the growing of raffia , mining, fishing and forestry are mainstays of the economy.

Madagascar is the world's principal supplier of vanilla , cloves [] and ylang-ylang. Key mineral resources include various types of precious and semi-precious stones, and Madagascar currently provides half of the world's supply of sapphires, which were discovered near Ilakaka in the late s.

Madagascar has one of the world's largest reserves of ilmenite titanium ore , as well as important reserves of chromite, coal, iron, cobalt, copper and nickel.

Business Council was formed in May , as a collaboration between USAID and Malagasy artisan producers to support the export of local handicrafts to foreign markets.

Largely paved national routes connect the six largest regional towns to Antananarivo, with minor paved and unpaved routes providing access to other population centers in each district.

There are several rail lines. Antananarivo is connected to Toamasina, Ambatondrazaka and Antsirabe by rail, and another rail line connects Fianarantsoa to Manakara.

The most important seaport in Madagascar is located on the east coast at Toamasina. Ports at Mahajanga and Antsiranana are significantly less used because of their remoteness.

Running water and electricity are supplied at the national level by a government service provider, Jirama , which is unable to service the entire population.

As of [update] , only 6. Radio broadcasts remain the principal means by which the Malagasy population access international, national, and local news.

Only state radio broadcasts are transmitted across the entire island. Hundreds of public and private stations with local or regional range provide alternatives to state broadcasting.

Several media outlets are owned by political partisans or politicians themselves, including the media groups MBS owned by Ravalomanana and Viva owned by Rajoelina , [61] contributing to political polarization in reporting.

The media have historically come under varying degrees of pressure to censor their criticism of the government. Reporters are occasionally threatened or harassed, and media outlets are periodically forced to close.

Medical centers, dispensaries and hospitals are found throughout the island, although they are concentrated in urban areas and particularly in Antananarivo.

Access to medical care remains beyond the reach of many Malagasy, especially in the rural areas, and many recourse to traditional healers.

Fifteen percent of government spending in was directed toward the health sector. Approximately 70 percent of spending on health was contributed by the government, while 30 percent originated with international donors and other private sources.

Private health centers are concentrated within urban areas and particularly those of the central highlands. Despite these barriers to access, health services have shown a trend toward improvement over the past twenty years.

Child immunizations against such diseases as hepatitis B , diphtheria , and measles increased an average of 60 percent in this period, indicating low but increasing availability of basic medical services and treatments.

The Malagasy fertility rate in was 4. Teen pregnancy rates of The infant mortality rate in was 41 per 1, births, [18] with an under-five mortality rate at 61 per 1, births.

The malaria mortality rate is also among the lowest in Africa at 8. Madagascar had outbreaks of the bubonic plague and pneumonic plague in cases, deaths and confirmed cases, 71 deaths.

Prior to the 19th century, all education in Madagascar was informal and typically served to teach practical skills as well as social and cultural values, including respect for ancestors and elders.

The LMS was invited by King Radama I to expand its schools throughout Imerina to teach basic literacy and numeracy to aristocratic children.

The schools were closed by Ranavalona I in [] but reopened and expanded in the decades after her death.

By the end of the 19th century, Madagascar had the most developed and modern school system in pre-colonial Sub-Saharan Africa. Access to schooling was expanded in coastal areas during the colonial period, with French language and basic work skills becoming the focus of the curriculum.

During the post-colonial First Republic, a continued reliance on French nationals as teachers, and French as the language of instruction, displeased those desiring a complete separation from the former colonial power.

This policy, known as malgachization , coincided with a severe economic downturn and a dramatic decline in the quality of education.

Those schooled during this period generally failed to master the French language or many other subjects and struggled to find employment, forcing many to take low-paying jobs in the informal or black market that mired them in deepening poverty.

Excepting the brief presidency of Albert Zafy, from to , Ratsiraka remained in power from to and failed to achieve significant improvements in education throughout his tenure.

Education was prioritized under the Ravalomanana administration —09 , and is currently free and compulsory from ages 6 to Primary school fees were eliminated, and kits containing basic school supplies were distributed to primary students.

Government school construction initiatives have ensured at least one primary school per fokontany and one lower secondary school within each commune.

At least one upper secondary school is located in each of the larger urban centers. These are complemented by public teacher-training colleges and several private universities and technical colleges.

As a result of increased educational access, enrollment rates more than doubled between and However, education quality is weak, producing high rates of grade repetition and dropout.

The literacy rate is estimated at Approximately Those aged 65 and older form 3 percent of the total population.

The most densely populated regions of the island are the eastern highlands and the eastern coast, contrasting most dramatically with the sparsely populated western plains.

The largest coastal ethnic subgroups are the Betsimisaraka Chinese , Indian and Comoran minorities are present in Madagascar, as well as a small European primarily French populace.

Emigration in the late 20th century has reduced these minority populations, occasionally in abrupt waves, such as the exodus of Comorans in , following anti-Comoran riots in Mahajanga.

The Malagasy language is of Malayo-Polynesian origin and is generally spoken throughout the island. The numerous dialects of Malagasy, which are generally mutually intelligible, [] can be clustered under one of two subgroups: eastern Malagasy, spoken along the eastern forests and highlands including the Merina dialect of Antananarivo, and western Malagasy, spoken across the western coastal plains.

The Malagasy language originated from Southeast Barito language , and Ma'anyan language is its closest relative, with numerous Malay and Javanese loanwords.

In the first national Constitution of , Malagasy and French were named the official languages of the Malagasy Republic.

Madagascar is a francophone country, and French is mostly spoken as a second language among the educated population and used for international communication.

No official languages were mentioned in the Constitution of , although Malagasy was identified as the national language.

Nonetheless, many sources still claimed that Malagasy and French were official languages, eventually leading a citizen to initiate a legal case against the state in April , on the grounds that the publication of official documents only in the French language was unconstitutional.

The High Constitutional Court observed in its decision that, in the absence of a language law, French still had the character of an official language.

In the Constitution of , Malagasy remained the national language while official languages were reintroduced: Malagasy, French, and English.

Religion in Madagascar according to the Pew Research Center []. According to the U. The veneration of ancestors has led to the widespread tradition of tomb building, as well as the highlands practice of the famadihana , whereby a deceased family member's remains are exhumed and re-wrapped in fresh silk shrouds, before being replaced in the tomb.

The famadihana is an occasion to celebrate the beloved ancestor's memory, reunite with family and community, and enjoy a festive atmosphere.

Residents of surrounding villages are often invited to attend the party, where food and rum are typically served, and a hiragasy troupe or other musical entertainment is commonly present.

It is widely believed that by showing respect for ancestors in these ways, they may intervene on behalf of the living.

Conversely, misfortunes are often attributed to ancestors whose memory or wishes have been neglected. The sacrifice of zebu is a traditional method used to appease or honor the ancestors.

In addition, the Malagasy traditionally believe in a creator god, called Zanahary or Andriamanitra. Today, many Christians integrate their religious beliefs with traditional ones related to honoring the ancestors.

For instance, they may bless their dead at church before proceeding with traditional burial rites or invite a Christian minister to consecrate a famadihana reburial.

Islam is also practiced on the island. Islam was first brought to Madagascar in the Middle Ages by Arab and Somali Muslim traders, who established several Islamic schools along the eastern coast.

While the use of Arabic script and loan words and the adoption of Islamic astrology would spread across the island, the Islamic religion took hold in only a handful of southeastern coastal communities.

The vast majority of Muslims are Sunni. Muslims are divided between those of Malagasy ethnicity, Indians, Pakistanis and Comorans. More recently, Hinduism was introduced to Madagascar through Gujarati people immigrating from the Saurashtra region of India in the late 19th century.

Most Hindus in Madagascar speak Gujarati or Hindi at home. Each of the many ethnic subgroups in Madagascar adhere to their own set of beliefs, practices and ways of life that have historically contributed to their unique identities.

However, there are a number of core cultural features that are common throughout the island, creating a strongly unified Malagasy cultural identity.

In addition to a common language and shared traditional religious beliefs around a creator god and veneration of the ancestors, the traditional Malagasy worldview is shaped by values that emphasize fihavanana solidarity , vintana destiny , tody karma , and hasina , a sacred life force that traditional communities believe imbues and thereby legitimates authority figures within the community or family.

Other cultural elements commonly found throughout the island include the practice of male circumcision; strong kinship ties; a widespread belief in the power of magic, diviners, astrology and witch doctors; and a traditional division of social classes into nobles, commoners, and slaves.

Although social castes are no longer legally recognized, ancestral caste affiliation often continues to affect social status, economic opportunity, and roles within the community.

Similarly, the nobles of many Malagasy communities in the pre-colonial period would commonly employ advisers known as the ombiasy from olona-be-hasina , "man of much virtue" of the southeastern Antemoro ethnic group, who trace their ancestry back to early Arab settlers.

The diverse origins of Malagasy culture are evident in its tangible expressions. The most emblematic instrument of Madagascar, the valiha , is a bamboo tube zither carried to Madagascar by early settlers from southern Borneo , and is very similar in form to those found in Indonesia and the Philippines today.

The Southeast Asian cultural influence is also evident in Malagasy cuisine , in which rice is consumed at every meal, typically accompanied by one of a variety of flavorful vegetable or meat dishes.

Cattle rustling , originally a rite of passage for young men in the plains areas of Madagascar where the largest herds of cattle are kept, has become a dangerous and sometimes deadly criminal enterprise as herdsmen in the southwest attempt to defend their cattle with traditional spears against increasingly armed professional rustlers.

A wide variety of oral and written literature has developed in Madagascar. One of the island's foremost artistic traditions is its oratory, as expressed in the forms of hainteny poetry , kabary public discourse and ohabolana proverbs.

The plastic arts are also widespread throughout the island. In addition to the tradition of silk weaving and lamba production, the weaving of raffia and other local plant materials has been used to create a wide array of practical items such as floor mats, baskets, purses and hats.

Sculptors create a variety of furniture and household goods, aloalo funerary posts, and wooden sculptures, many of which are produced for the tourist market.

Among the Antaimoro people, the production of paper embedded with flowers and other decorative natural materials is a long-established tradition that the community has begun to market to eco-tourists.

A number of traditional pastimes have emerged in Madagascar. Moraingy , a type of hand-to-hand combat, is a popular spectator sport in coastal regions.

It is traditionally practiced by men, but women have recently begun to participate. Among the most emblematic is fanorona , a board game widespread throughout the Highland regions.

According to folk legend, the succession of King Andrianjaka after his father Ralambo was partially the result of the obsession that Andrianjaka's older brother may have had with playing fanorona to the detriment of his other responsibilities.

Western recreational activities were introduced to Madagascar over the past two centuries. Rugby union is considered the national sport of Madagascar.

Madagascar sent its first competitors to the Olympic Games in , and has also competed in the African Games. Membership in was estimated at 14, Malagasy cuisine reflects the diverse influences of Southeast Asian , African , Indian , Chinese and European culinary traditions.

The complexity of Malagasy meals can range from the simple, traditional preparations introduced by the earliest settlers, to the refined festival dishes prepared for the island's 19th-century monarchs.

Throughout almost the entire island, the contemporary cuisine of Madagascar typically consists of a base of rice vary served with an accompaniment laoka.

The many varieties of laoka may be vegetarian or include animal proteins, and typically feature a sauce flavored with such ingredients as ginger, onion, garlic, tomato, vanilla, coconut milk, salt, curry powder, green peppercorns or, less commonly, other spices or herbs.

In parts of the arid south and west, pastoral families may replace rice with maize, cassava , or curds made from fermented zebu milk.

A wide variety of sweet and savory fritters as well as other street foods are available across the island, as are diverse tropical and temperate-climate fruits.

Locally produced beverages include fruit juices, coffee, herbal teas and teas, and alcoholic drinks such as rum , wine, and beer.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 25 June Island country in the Indian Ocean.

This article is about the island country. For the film franchise by DreamWorks Animation , see Madagascar franchise. For other uses, see Madagascar disambiguation and Malagasy disambiguation.

Oh, Beloved Land of our Ancestors! Malagasy French. Main articles: Geography of Madagascar and Geology of Madagascar.

The terraced paddy fields of the central highlands of Madagascar left give way to tropical rainforest along the eastern coast right.

The grassy plains that dominate the western landscape are dotted with stony massifs left , patches of deciduous forest, and baobab trees right , while the south is characterized by desert and spiny forests.

Main articles: Deforestation in Madagascar and Illegal logging in Madagascar. Tavy slash-and-burn destruction of native forest habitat is widespread left , causing massive erosion center and silting of rivers right.

Main article: History of Madagascar. Main article: Merina Kingdom. Main articles: Malagasy Protectorate and French Madagascar.

Main article: Government of Madagascar. Main article: Military of Madagascar. Main articles: Regions of Madagascar and Districts of Madagascar.

Largest cities or towns in Madagascar According to the Census []. Main articles: Economy of Madagascar and Tourism in Madagascar.

Main article: Healthcare in Madagascar. Main article: Education in Madagascar. Main article: Demographics of Madagascar.

Main article: Ethnic groups of Madagascar. Main articles: Malagasy language and Languages of Madagascar. Main article: Religion in Madagascar.

Roman Catholic Other Christian 1. Folk religions 4. Unaffiliated 6. Main article: Culture of Madagascar.

Main article: Malagasy cuisine. Madagascar portal. Madagascar Tribune. Archived PDF from the original on 28 June Retrieved 24 August Archived from the original on 9 February Retrieved 15 July Retrieved 27 February Retrieved 9 November International Monetary Fund.

World Bank. Retrieved 2 March United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 10 December Archived from the original on 7 December Retrieved 10 August Retrieved 22 February Archived from the original on 25 May Retrieved 31 August Department of State.

The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 5 August Archived from the original on 6 January Retrieved 19 March Trends in Ecology and Evolution.

Archived PDF from the original on 9 May Retrieved 11 February Archived from the original on 19 December Retrieved 25 August Archived from the original on 9 November Retrieved 1 February Archived from the original on 30 August Retrieved 31 March Archived from the original on 26 February Retrieved 9 September Biodiversity Hotspots.

Conservation International. Archived from the original on 24 August Origin of the Malagasy Strepshirhine Primates. Plant Ecology and Evolution.

Archived PDF from the original on 31 August Cactus and Succulent Journal. Systematic Biology. Accounts of Chemical Research.

Bibcode : PNAS.. Current Medicinal Chemistry. The evolution of drug discovery: From traditional medicines to modern drugs. American Cancer Society.

Retrieved 22 June Alternative and Complementary Therapies. CRC Press. Archived from the original on 7 March Retrieved 14 September Lambahoany Ecotourism Centre.

Archived from the original on 13 December Illustrated by S. BBC News. Archived from the original on 29 July Retrieved 26 August December International Journal of Primatology.

Bibcode : PNAS Salamin, Nicolas ed. Bibcode : PLoSO ABC News. Archived from the original on 11 May WildWorld Ecoregion Profile.

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Environmental Conservation. Freedom House. Archived PDF from the original on 8 June Retrieved 29 July National Geographic News.

Archived from the original on 10 May Retrieved 15 March Archived from the original on 31 July Archived from the original on 3 September New York Times.

Archived from the original on 6 September Retrieved 20 March Situated between 2, and 4, feet and 1, metres above sea level , the plateau has been uplifted and worn down several times and is tilted to the west.

Three massifs are more than 8, feet 2, metres high. The Tsaratanana region in the north is separated from the rest of the plateau by the Tsaratanana Massif , whose summit, Maromokotro, reaches 9, feet 2, metres and is the highest point on the island.

Ankaratra Massif in the centre is an enormous volcanic mass whose summit, Tsiafajavona , is 8, feet 2, metres high.

Ankaratra is a major watershed divide separating three main river basins. The plateau slopes with some regularity toward the extreme southern plain, but its boundaries to the east and west are more abrupt.

To the east it descends in a sharp fault, by vertical steps of 1, to 2, feet to metres. This cliff, which is called the Great Cliff or the Cliff of Angavo, is often impassable and is itself bordered by the Betsimisaraka Escarpment, a second and lower cliff to the east, which overhangs the coastal plain.

Behind the scarp face are the remains of ancient lakes, including one called Alaotra. To the south the two steep gradients meet and form the Mahafaly and the Androy plateaus, which overhang the sea in precipitous cliffs.

Toward the west the descent is made in a series of steps. However, in places the central plateau is bordered by an impassable escarpment, such as the Cliff of Bongolava in the west-central part of the island.

To the extreme north the plateau is bordered by the low belt of the Ambohitra Mountains, which include a series of volcanic craters. The coastal strip has an average width of about 30 miles 50 km.

It is a narrow alluvial plain that terminates in a low coastline bordered with lagoons linked together by the Pangalanes Ampangalana Canal, which is more than miles km long.

To the south of Farafangana the coast becomes rocky, and in the southeast there occur many little bays. To the northeast is the deep Bay of Antongil Antongila.

Madagascar Rollen - Synchronstimmen (Originalfassung)

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2 thoughts on “Madagascar rollen

  1. Arashiramar says:

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  2. JoJolkis says:

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